Population and Social Science

Learn the key facts and definitions of Public Health and Epidemiology, particularly within the UK and the NHS.
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1. Introduction to Population Science

  • Define population science, social science and public health
  • Understand how they relate to healthcare
  • Be able to interpret population graphs
  • Be able to make inferences about the population demographics from them

2. Epidemiological Studies

  • Define the types of Epidemiological Studies and their flaws
  • Be able to calculate Confidence Intervals and Error Factors
  • Be able to work out Statistical Significance 
3. Models of Health
  • Understand the definition of health and chronic disease
  • Understand the possible causes of links between health and deprivation
  • Understand the two models of health: biological and biopsychosocial
  • Understand the inequalities across Britain with regards to health and well-being
  • Understand why people perform health behaviours, through conditioning and the COM-B model
  • Better understand the treatments of substance abuse when considering the different models of behaviour
4. Beliefs of the Public
  • Understand the effect of disability on a person’s life
  • Define lay beliefs and understand how this can influence health behaviours
  • Understand the reasons for adherence to treatments
  • Be able to describe the levels of health prevention, and with screening programs as an example, be able to explain the related key terms and evaluations of them
5. Health Economics
  • Understand the reasoning behind prioritisation in healthcare
  • Be able to use work out cost per QALY
  • Understand the differences between and evaluate both implicit and explicit reasoning
  • Be able to use the four different cost-benefit analysis styles and be able to choose the right one
6. Evidence-Based Practice
  • Understand why evidence is needed in medicine, and the difficulties of getting it into practice.
  • Understand what a systematic review is, and the criticisms of it.
  • Understand what a meta-analysis is, and the criticisms of it.
  • Understand a forest plot.
  • Understand the fixed effect and random effects model.
  • Describe common issues with variation between studies and how these can be combatted.
  • Describe and explain publication bias using funnel plots.
7. Patient Safety and Quality Control
  • Understand the use of PROMs and be able to evaluate a PROM.
  • List some of the ways that the NHS has changed recently to improve patient quality and safety.
  • Define an adverse effect.
  • Describe types of human error, and the things put into place within the NHS to try to help.
  • Understand the James Reason Framework of Error, the Swiss Cheese Model and the differences between latent and active failures.
  • Understand the differences between first and second order problem solving.
  • Describe the toolbox of things used in root cause analysis.
  • Describe the difficulties faced when needing to speak up, and the ways in which the NHS has tried to make this easier.
8. Summary and Glossary
  • A succinct summary of the core concepts, knowledge bites, terms and definitions required to accurately understand Population and Social Science.
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The medical information on this site is provided as an information resource only, and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes. This information is intended for medical education, specifically to biological/medical learning inclined individuals, and does not create any doctor-patient relationship, and should not be used as a substitute for professional diagnosis and treatment.