Population and Social Science

Learn the key facts and definitions of Public Health and Epidemiology, particularly within the UK and the NHS.
Click a title to view the article on the topic and its associated quiz!

1. Introduction to Population Science

  • Define population science, social science and public health
  • Understand how they relate to healthcare
  • Be able to interpret population graphs
  • Be able to make inferences about the population demographics from them

2. Epidemiological Studies

  • Define the types of Epidemiological Studies and their flaws
  • Be able to calculate Confidence Intervals and Error Factors
  • Be able to work out Statistical Significance 
3. Models of Health
  • Understand the definition of health and chronic disease
  • Understand the possible causes of links between health and deprivation
  • Understand the two models of health: biological and biopsychosocial
  • Understand the inequalities across Britain with regards to health and well-being
  • Understand why people perform health behaviours, through conditioning and the COM-B model
  • Better understand the treatments of substance abuse when considering the different models of behaviour
4. Beliefs of the Public
  • Understand the effect of disability on a person’s life
  • Define lay beliefs and understand how this can influence health behaviours
  • Understand the reasons for adherence to treatments
  • Be able to describe the levels of health prevention, and with screening programs as an example, be able to explain the related key terms and evaluations of them
5. Health Economics
  • Understand the reasoning behind prioritisation in healthcare
  • Be able to use work out cost per QALY
  • Understand the differences between and evaluate both implicit and explicit reasoning
  • Be able to use the four different cost-benefit analysis styles and be able to choose the right one
6. Evidence-Based Practice
  • Understand why evidence is needed in medicine, and the difficulties of getting it into practice.
  • Understand what a systematic review is, and the criticisms of it.
  • Understand what a meta-analysis is, and the criticisms of it.
  • Understand a forest plot.
  • Understand the fixed effect and random effects model.
  • Describe common issues with variation between studies and how these can be combatted.
  • Describe and explain publication bias using funnel plots.
7. Patient Safety and Quality Control
  • Understand the use of PROMs and be able to evaluate a PROM.
  • List some of the ways that the NHS has changed recently to improve patient quality and safety.
  • Define an adverse effect.
  • Describe types of human error, and the things put into place within the NHS to try to help.
  • Understand the James Reason Framework of Error, the Swiss Cheese Model and the differences between latent and active failures.
  • Understand the differences between first and second order problem solving.
  • Describe the toolbox of things used in root cause analysis.
  • Describe the difficulties faced when needing to speak up, and the ways in which the NHS has tried to make this easier.
8. Summary and Glossary
  • A succinct summary of the core concepts, knowledge bites, terms and definitions required to accurately understand Population and Social Science.
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