Metabolism

Learn the functions of the hormonal and chemical systems within the body and the chemical interactions that help control every aspect of the human existence.
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1. Nutrition, Diet and Body Weight

  • An introduction to nutritional needs, diet choices and body weight classifications.

2. Energy Reactions in Cells

  • An introduction to the reactions that occur within cells to produce energy.
3. Dietary Energy Production
  • Understand the pathway that converts of food to its constituent molecular components, which are then used to create energy.
4. Glycolysis
  • Understand the stages of glycolysis.
  • Understand the metabolism of galactose and the Pentose Phosphate pathway.
5. Oxygen-dependent Pathway
  • To understand the stages of respiration that are oxygen dependent.
  • To understand the production of ATP.
6. Lipid Metabolism and Transport
  • Understand the structures of different types of lipids.
  • Understand the structures and purpose of fatty acids and ketone bodies.
  • Understand the purpose of lipid transport and metabolism in the body.
  • Understand three diseases of the body relating to lipids.
7. Protein and Amino Acid Metabolism
  • Understand the role of nitrogen and nitrogen balance in the body.
  • Understand the different types of amino acids that exist, and some functions of amino acids.
  • To describe the process through which amino acids can be used as an energy source.
  • To understand conditions such as phenylketonuria, homocystinuria and refeeding syndrome.
8. Alcohol Metabolism
  • To understand the metabolism of alcohol and the limiting factor in the metabolism.
  • To understand the use of disulfiram as a treatment for alcoholism.
9. Oxidative Stress
  • To understand what is meant by a reactive oxygen species
  • To understand the different ways reactive oxygen species are used by the body
  • To understand the harmful consequences of reactive oxygen species and why their levels must be kept under control
  • To understand paracetamol toxicity and how it is treated
10. Energy Storage
  • To understand the processes of glycogenesis, glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis.
  • To understand the processes of fatty acid oxidation and synthesis.
  • To understand the hormonal control of energy storage.
11. Temperature Regulation
  • To be able to apply knowledge about feedback loops to temperature regulation
  • To be able to describe the body’s responses to keep core temperature in the normal range
  • To be able to describe the temperature values associated with hyper- and hypothermia
  • To be able to explain why certain groups of people struggle with thermoregulation
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The medical information on this site is provided as an information resource only, and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes. This information is intended for medical education, specifically to biological/medical learning inclined individuals, and does not create any doctor-patient relationship, and should not be used as a substitute for professional diagnosis and treatment.

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