Learn the functions of the hormonal and chemical systems within the body and the chemical interactions that help control every aspect of the human existence.
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1. Nutrition, Diet and Body Weight

  • An introduction to nutritional needs, diet choices and body weight classifications.

2. Energy Reactions in Cells

  • An introduction to the reactions that occur within cells to produce energy.
3. Dietary Energy Production
  • Understand the pathway that converts of food to its constituent molecular components, which are then used to create energy.
4. Glycolysis
  • Understand the stages of glycolysis.
  • Understand the metabolism of galactose and the Pentose Phosphate pathway.
5. Oxygen-dependent Pathway
  • To understand the stages of respiration that are oxygen dependent.
  • To understand the production of ATP.
6. Lipid Metabolism and Transport
  • Understand the structures of different types of lipids.
  • Understand the structures and purpose of fatty acids and ketone bodies.
  • Understand the purpose of lipid transport and metabolism in the body.
  • Understand three diseases of the body relating to lipids.
7. Protein and Amino Acid Metabolism
  • Understand the role of nitrogen and nitrogen balance in the body.
  • Understand the different types of amino acids that exist, and some functions of amino acids.
  • To describe the process through which amino acids can be used as an energy source.
  • To understand conditions such as phenylketonuria, homocystinuria and refeeding syndrome.
8. Alcohol Metabolism
  • To understand the metabolism of alcohol and the limiting factor in the metabolism.
  • To understand the use of disulfiram as a treatment for alcoholism.
9. Oxidative Stress
  • To understand what is meant by a reactive oxygen species
  • To understand the different ways reactive oxygen species are used by the body
  • To understand the harmful consequences of reactive oxygen species and why their levels must be kept under control
  • To understand paracetamol toxicity and how it is treated
10. Energy Storage
  • To understand the processes of glycogenesis, glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis.
  • To understand the processes of fatty acid oxidation and synthesis.
  • To understand the hormonal control of energy storage.
11. Temperature Regulation
  • To be able to apply knowledge about feedback loops to temperature regulation
  • To be able to describe the body’s responses to keep core temperature in the normal range
  • To be able to describe the temperature values associated with hyper- and hypothermia
  • To be able to explain why certain groups of people struggle with thermoregulation
12. Metabolic and Endocrine Regulation
  • To be able to understand how energy is stored and released in the body
  • To understand how hormones influence metabolism
  • To understand how metabolism changes in pregnancy
  • To understand how exercise effects metabolism and the role of the Cori Cycle in exercise
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