Learn the functions of the hormonal and chemical systems within the body and the chemical interactions that help control every aspect of the human existence.
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1. Nutrition, Diet and Body Weight

An introduction to nutritional needs, diet choices and body weight classifications.

2. Energy Reactions in Cells

An introduction to the reactions that occur within cells to produce energy.

3. Dietary Energy Production

An overview of the pathway that leads to the conversion of food to its constituent molecular components, which are then used to create energy.

4. Glycolysis

Understand the stages of glycolysis, the metabolism of galactose and the role of the Pentose Phosphate pathway.

5. Oxygen-dependent Pathway

Understand the stages of respiration that are oxygen dependent and the production of ATP.

6. Lipid Metabolism and Transport

Understand the structures of different types of lipids, the purpose of fatty acids and ketone bodies, the purpose of lipid transport and metabolism in the body and three diseases of the body relating to lipids.

7. Protein and Amino Acid Metabolism

Understand the role of nitrogen and nitrogen balance in the body, the different types of amino acids that exist, describe the process through which amino acids can be used as an energy source, understand conditions such as phenylketonuria, homocystinurea and refeeding syndrome.

8. Alcohol Metabolism

Understand the metabolism of alcohol and the use of disulphiram as a treatment for alcoholism.

9. Oxidative Stress

Understand what is meant by a reactive oxygen species, the different ways reactive oxygen species are used by the body, the harmful consequences of reactive oxygen species and why their levels must be kept under control, as well asparacetamol toxicity and how it is treated.

10. Energy Storage

Understand the processes of glycogenesis, glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis, fatty acid oxidation and synthesis and the hormonal control of energy storage.

11. Temperature Regulation

Apply knowledge about feedback loops to temperature regulation, describe the body’s response to try to change core temperature back to normal, describe the temperature values associated with hyper- and hypothermia and explain examples of groups of people who struggle with thermoregulation.

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The medical information on this site is provided as an information resource only, and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes. This information is intended for medical education, specifically to biological/medical learning inclined individuals, and does not create any doctor-patient relationship, and should not be used as a substitute for professional diagnosis and treatment.