Learn the processes and outcomes of infection within the human body and how both the body and medical professionals deals with pathogens.
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1. An Introduction to Infection

  • A basic introduction to what an infection
  • Understand how a patient might get an infection
  • Understand some of the signs of infection

2. The Infection Model

  • Introduce and explain the concept of an infection mode
  • Detail each step of the infection model
  • Discuss healthcare acquired infection

3. Biofilms

  • What are biofilms?
  • What is the clinical significance of biofilms
  • Management of biofilms

4. Innate Immune System

  • What are the different innate barriers to infection?
  • How do these barriers work?
  • What can damage these barriers or prevent them from working correctly?

5. Adaptive Immune System

  • What are the key components in the adaptive immune response?
  • What is the function of antigen presenting cells?
  • What are MHCs and why are they important?
  • Why are T-helper cells important and how do they respond to intracellular and extracellular microbes?

6. Gram Staining and Investigative Techniques

  • Understand the investigative techniques used to diagnose a patient's infection and identify the causative micro-organism.

7. Sepsis

  • Describe and understand the mechanism of sepsis
  • Identify the red flags symptoms
  • Learn the management of sepsis

8. Antibiotics

  • Be able to outline the commonly used antibiotics and give examples of conditions that they are commonly used to treat
  • Be able to describe how each type of antibiotic works
  • Be able to discuss the advantages of choosing one antibiotic class over another
  • Be able to describe antibiotic resistance
  • Be able to outline the commonly used antifungals and antivirals and when they are used

9. Streptococci

  • Learn the classification and characteristics of streptococci
  • Learn about the virulence factors of Streptococcus pyogenes in particular and how they influence pathogenicity in a clinical context
  • More broadly, understand the influence of virulence factors on disease progression in the host.

10. Hepatitis

  • What is hepatitis?
  • How is hepatitis detected?
  • What are the main types of hepatitis and how common is it?
  • How is hepatitis transmitted?
  • How can we treat and prevent hepatitis infections?
  • How is a needlestick injury from an infected individual treated?

11. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

  • Understand the epidemiology of HIV
  • Learn about the structure, replication and treatment of HIV
  • Look at prevention of HIV and associated ethical dilemmas


12. The Immunocompromised Host

  • Describe the immune defects associated with immunodeficiency diseases
  • Describe the most common primary immunodeficiency diseases and their warning signs
  • Understand the basics of management of primary immunodeficiency diseases
  • Describe common causes of secondary immunodeficiencies

13. Travel Infections

  • Be able to list some common travel related infections, their presentations and the management plan associated with them.
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